Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Obsession in The Tell-Tale Heart and The Cask of Amontillado :: Tell Tale Cask Comparison Compare Essays

Assurance becomes fixation and afterward it turns into the only thing that is in any way important. - Jeremy Irvine Poe presents the storytellers of The Tell-Tale Heart and The Cask of Amontillado as naughty, fixated characters. Both are overwhelmed by the need to expend the life of their casualty. In spite of the fact that they utilize various techniques to complete the homicides in various manners, fixation is the main impetus in both. It is this fixation that motivates them to plan crafty systems and do the executions. The fixation of Montresor in The Cask of Amontillado and of the storyteller in The Tell-Tale Heart is evident all through the accounts. The storyteller in The Tell-Tale Heart is really fixated on the elderly person's eye, instead of the elderly person himself. It is this fixation on the eye that drives him to submit the homicide, regardless of his generally positive sentiments toward the elderly person by and by. This is the reason he can't hurt the elderly person when the eye is disguised. His fixation on the eye is the thing that controls him and his activities. Without it in sight to madden this fixation, he can't hurt the elderly person. This additionally is the reason he should sparkle the lamp light upon just that eye. By leaving the remainder of the elderly person in obscurity, he it might be said de-acculturates the person in question. His fixation increases and assumes full responsibility for his activities. He dispenses with the elderly person from the condition and can cha rge him and make the murder. Montresor in The Cask of Amontillado is like the storyteller in The Tell-Tale Heart in that his fixation on expending the spirit of Fortunato impacts all his activities. Notwithstanding, it is with Fortunato himself that he is fixated. He benefits from Fortunato's agony, not normal for the storyteller in The Tell-Tale Heart who's fixation is with decimating a threatening lifeless thing. Montresor's whole trick is engaged around making Fortunato endure, and for him to realize exactly who is causing this misery. This is the reason he goes to such lengths to assemble this unpredictable system. It could have been such a great amount of simpler to slaughter Fortunato in some simpler, snappier way. Rather, he devotes himself to tormenting Fortunato. He makes an arrangement that drives Fortunato into the profundities of the sepulchers underneath his home, and slaughters him in an agonizing way.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Wal-Mart Case Study Essays -- Business Analysis Wal Mart

Wal-Mart Case Study Case Review and Recommendations As we have investigated and examined the procedure, culture, accounts and the difficulties and triumphs at Wal-Mart, there are numerous methodologies we see that the organization must embrace to hold its command position and drive further development. In this, we characterize our main four. These center methodologies include: remake and reproduce its notoriety even with late difficulties; keep on demonstrating value initiative; improve the client experience; and drive worldwide development. The money related execution of Wal-Mart keeps on being solid. It conveyed another record year in 2008 as all out net deals expanded 8.6 percent to $375 billion. However, income development rates and same store deals have eased back. Also, the organization faces various difficulties to its working methodology, notoriety and development possibilities. Given the company’s expressed destinations of â€Å"growing working pay quicker than sales† and expanding investor esteem, the methodologies we suggest will legitimately influence the company’s capacity to beat present difficulties and meet these essential budgetary goals. Notoriety and Brand A key vital target, maybe the most basic for the organization going ahead, is to remake and reproduce its notoriety. While brand and notoriety are firmly interlinked, creator and business specialist, John Foley, separates the two traits as such: â€Å"Brand is back to front. Notoriety is outside in† (Foley 3). Wal-Mart’s notoriety has melted away in the previous quite a long while and, as per Foley, â€Å"the... ...what's more, - its guarantee, picture and feeling that it makes - remains moderately solid. The Wal-Mart crucial â€Å"saving individuals cash so they can live better† is plainly and reliably conveyed. Be that as it may, Wal-Mart’s notoriety, the â€Å"outside in† see, based on direct encounters, outside suppositions, bits of gossip and decisions, must be reinforced. The mainstay of its general business methodology †value administration †must be kept up. The company’s force and impact can be utilized to make positive effects in consumers’ lives, not just in their wallets. At long last, development openings exist in the US and past. So as to convey developing investor esteem, the organization must keep on venturing into developing markets.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Looking Back at Rodney King and the L.A. Riots

Glancing Back at Rodney King and the L.A. Mobs Rodney King turned into a commonly recognized name after pictures surfaced of him ending a perilous beating by four white cops from the Los Angeles police division in 1992. After the four cops were vindicated by a jury,â a savage uprisingâ broke out in Los Angeles, enduring more than five days, and leaving in excess of 50 individuals dead and thousands harmed. A Brutal beating On March 3, 1991, 25-year-old Rodney King was leaving an occasion via vehicle with his companions when a squad car on his tail inspired him to endeavor to escape at 100 miles for each hour. As indicated by Kings account, he continued driving as opposed to pulling over in light of the fact that he was abusing the particulars of his parole-from an earlier theft by drinking and he needed to maintain a strategic distance from issue with the police. Rather, he continued driving and set off a rapid pursue that finished when he pulled over. As King ventured out of the vehicle with his hands up police taught him to jump on the ground and they started beating him with their stick. Between four officials, King was struck at any rate multiple times and got in any event 11 cracks. About pounded the life out of, King was hurried to the closest emergency clinic where specialists worked on him for five hours.â â Fortunately for King, an onlooker named George Holiday had been disregarding the overhang during the fierce beating and recordedâ the occurrence. The following day, Holiday took the recording to the nearby TV channel. The shock and reaction from the officials activities was noteworthy to the point that Rodney King was discharged from the emergency clinic four days laterâ with no official charges documented against him. Conviction On March 15, 1991, Sergeant Stacey Koon and officials Laurence Michael Powell, Timothy Wind, and Theodore Briseno were arraigned by a Los Angeles amazing jury regarding the beating. Somewhat more than two months after the fact, the fabulous jury chose not to prosecute the 17 officials who were there at the hour of King’s beating however sat idle. The four officials blamed for beating King were cleared on April 29,1992. A brutal uprisingâ began in South Central Los Angeles. A truck driver, uninvolved in King’s case, was beaten and the recording was gotten on tape by a passing helicopter. The civic chairman pronounced a highly sensitive situation and the representative asked for the National Guard to help law implementation authorities. During that time 1,100 Marines, 600 Army fighters, and 6,500 National Guard troops watched the avenues of Los Angeles. Crushed and feeling liable for the encompassing confusion, Rodney King, retaliating tears, offered an open expression and presented the accompanying renowned lines: People, I simply need to state, can we as a whole get along?† on May 1, 1992. Little Victories The country held up in dread of future uproars as the preliminary for the four officials started. Under two months after the fact, two of the officials Koon and Powell-were seen as liable by a government jury for having abused King’s social equality. Concurring toâ newsâ reports, â€Å"U.S. Area Court Judge John Davies sentences both Sergeant Stacey Koon and Officer Laurence Powell to 30 months in jail for abusing Kings social liberties. Powell is seen as blameworthy of damaging Kings established option to be liberated from a capture made with ‘unreasonable force.’ Ranking official Koon is sentenced for allowing the social liberties infringement to occur.† Tragically for King, battles with liquor abuse and medication utilize prompted further negative connections with the law. In 2004,â was captured after a household question and later confess to driving impaired. Inâ 2007â he was discovered flushed with non-compromising shot injuries. As of late, Rodney King has given a few individual meetings incorporating with CNN and Oprah. On June 18, 2012, his fiancee Cynthia Kelley, a member of the jury in his preliminary numerous years earlier, discovered him at the base of his pool. He was pronouncedâ deadâ at the clinic. A Catalyst for Change Rodney Kings horrendous involvement in the Los Angeles Police Department was terrible assisted with enlightening a portion of the heap issues with police fierceness. Pictures of the beating and the uprisingâ that followed live on in shame as an image of the pained connection among police and the Black people group.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

How to Get a Perfect 36 on the ACT Reading Test The Tropical Guide

101If youve been working on the ACT Reading section (or if its entirely new to you), you may take a look at the test and think: But it doesnt have to be! I dont know if you noticed this when watching Moana, but the same ten principles that guide the heroine on her journey are exactly the same principles that youll need to master ACT Reading. Crazy, right? So break out beyond the reef, Wayfinders, and join me for the journey to a perfect score! Table of Contents Dont Freak Out: The Least You Should Know About ACT Reading Dont Get Distracted by the Shark Head: Timing on ACT English Know Where You Are: Scoring on ACT Reading Listen to the Drum: ACT Reading vs SAT Reading Learn How to Sail: Skills Tested in the ACT Reading Section Their Boat Is Turning Into More Boats!: Question Types on the ACT Reading Test Get a Magic Manta Ray Grandma: How to Read on ACT Reading The ACT Reading Quiz Beware Pirates in Disguise: Struggles on the ACT Reading Test Dont Throw Yourself Against the Rocks: Guide to Improving Your ACT Reading Score 2, 102 91 What Else Should I Know About ACT Reading Scores? The average score on ACT Reading is 21.4. This is actually the highest average score on any ACT section (the average for composite scores is 20.9). Thats good news, because it means that (in general) students find this to be one of the easier tests. On the other hand, it also means that youll want to buckle down to study, because your score will have to be even higher to distinguish you from the crowd. The Perfect 36 on ACT Reading Its awesome if you want to score a perfect 36 on ACT Reading. To do that, keep in mind that theres no wiggle room: only answering 40/40 questions correctly will get you a 36. If you get one question wrong, youll score a 35; two questions wrong, youll score a 34; three questions wrong, youll score a 32. Every now and then, absolutely everyone will get a question on ACT Reading that just throws them. Maybe youre reading it incorrectly; maybe theres just something about the question that makes you go cross-eyed. With good preparation, you can minimize the chance of this happening. However, its really important not to beat yourself up if it does. Know that any score in the 30s (particularly in the mid-30s) is impressive on a college application, and that one point makes relatively little difference to the admissions officers evaluating your application. Where Can I Get In With My ACT Reading Scores? A certain ACT score may also quality you for different colleges’ merit scholarships. As these awards and their requirements vary among colleges, it’s best to check with the colleges at which you intend to apply. If college is on your mind, you should know that according to ACT test-makers, a high school student who scores below a 23 on the ACT Reading Test will likely struggle in (and might not even pass) his or her college freshman year English course. If you fall into this group, use your high schools senior English course as a way to improve your reading skills. By exposing you to a variety of reading materials, this course will also help you prep for retaking the ACT. We also highly recommend that you check out all of our ACT Resources to help translate those reading skills into ACT points! Finally, if your ACT Reading score negatively affected you overall composite score, focus on the Reading Test before you retake the ACT. Don’t forget that the best way to improve your score is through timed practice tests combined with careful evaluation and study. But I Love to Read! Why Did I Get a Low ACT Reading Score? First of all, thats awesome! Its great that you love to read. Even so, I doubt you usually read under timed conditions, in a stressful environment, and answer multiple-choice questions about what you’ve read. Those factors combined can negatively affect your ACT Reading score. But dont worry! Doing well on ACT Reading is a learnable skill. If you know youre taking the ACT, jump on down to Skills Tested on ACT Reading to understand the test even better. If youre still unsure which standardized test youre going to take, keep reading for a comparison of ACT and SAT Reading sections. Listen to the Drum: ACT Reading vs SAT Reading Not all of us have magic, ancestor-invoking drums to help us make decisions†¦but that doesnt mean that theres no way of evaluating which test you should take! If the Reading test is one of your great strengths (or one of your great weaknesses), you may be torn regarding which standardized test to take. After all, most schoolsbut not all!will accept either exam. How do you go about deciding which one to take? Understandably, youll want to take the test that youll do best on. One way to do this is to take Reading practice tests for both exams. It will take you the better part of two hours, but once you score them, you can tell which exam youre most prepared for right now by comparing your scores on a conversion chart. If you do that and you still arent sure (or if theres no way youre going to take the time to do that), here are a few important differences between ACT Reading and SAT Reading. ACT vs SAT Reading: Content In terms of content, ACT Reading consistently uses passages around a 10th- to 11th-grade reading level. On the other hand, SAT Reading uses passages anywhere from the 9th-grade reading level to college-level. If youre comfortable shifting gears quickly and reading a wider variety of passages, SAT Reading may be right for you. ACT vs SAT Reading: Passage Length and Format In terms of the passages themselves, you can expect the ACT to give you four passages of between 700 and 900 words, and the SAT to give you five passages of 500 to 750 words. When you do the math, theres little difference in the total amount of reading youll do; again, its all about how quickly you can move from one passage to the next. If youre trying to avoid paired passages†¦sorry! Both tests have these (and both tests count them as one passage). ACT vs SAT Reading: Question Types Finally, while there are some differences in question types between the tests, the only major difference youll encounter is with the SAT Command of Evidence question types. These really have no ACT equivalent. In these questions, you identify the lines of the passage that best support your answer. If youre good at constructing arguments and finding textual evidence, this may not be a big issue for you. However, if you struggle with the question format, it may be worth considering the ACT instead. At the end of the day, youll want to make your decision based on how your skills compare in all test sections, so even if you feel that you might do better on SAT Reading, you may end up taking ACT Reading instead. And thats okay! We can help you master all of the skills you need to succeed on the ACT Reading section. Learning How to Sail: Skills Tested in the ACT Reading Section Before we get into the nitty-gritty of ACT Reading questions, its important to understand the purpose of the section. In short, the ACT Reading test assesses your reading comprehension: how well you understand what youre reading. This means that youll be asked to find both information stated in the passage and information thats implied by the passage. Why Do Colleges Care? While the rationale for some ACT tests (like Science) is more abstract, the presence of the Reading test on the ACT isnt a great mystery. When you get to college, youll find that youre reading a lot. No matter what courses youre taking, the reading load is likely to be much heavier than what youve encountered in high school. College admissions officers are charged with making sure youre equipped to succeed during your college years. And because youll be reading a lotoften under some time pressurethey want to see proof that youre capable of doing so now. But dont worry: even if you dont read much outside of your required schoolwork, its not too late to start! Picking up some extracurricular reading is the best thing you can do to start boosting your ACT Reading scores. Because the ACT Reading test covers four subject areas, make sure to read in a variety of areas. General interest publications like The New Yorker and The Atlantic are great for this kind of reading, while The Economist and Scientific American are good sources for social science and hard science reading practice, respectively. Where Have You Learned ACT Reading Skills? The good news is that youve already started preparing for ACT Reading (even if you havent officially started preparing yet). How? Think about your current course load and what your homework looks like. Chances are that youre taking classes in each of the ACT Reading passage topic areas; even in classes that arent traditionally reading-based, like chemistry, youll still have lots of reading to do. So dont worry! As you start prepping for ACT Reading specifically, know that you already have a solid foundation in this subject matter. How to Study for ACT Reading Without Actually Studying If youre reading outside of your schoolwork, thats a great start to your ACT Reading test preparation. However, just reading for pleasure wont help you much more than watching TV would! As you read for fun, start to think critically about what youre reading. Ask yourself questions: what does the author think? Why did she include that example? What does that word mean in context? Any reading youre currently doing for fun can be turned into study, as long as you treat it like an ACT passage (and that means reading it like an ACT passage). Their Boat Is Turning Into More Boats!: Question Types on the ACT Reading Test When you start studying for ACT Reading, it can feel like every question is an entirely new beast. You work through one problem set only to come across totally different questions on the next. However, pay close attention as you work through those sets, and youll start to see a pattern emerging. Studying the question types is a great way to boost your score, because theres a particular approach that works best for solving each one. So lets smush those boats back together and make this more manageable, shall we? Knowing what to expect on test day is not only anxiety-soothing, but its also just a good practice. As you encounter different types of reading passages and questions, various techniques can help you get to the right answersif you know how to approach them. With that in mind, heres a breakdown of the specifics youll see on test day, and how you can make the most of them. ACT Reading Passages Before we dive more into ACT Reading question types, lets take a closer look at those passage types. The ACT Reading test is very predictable: Four passages in four different genres, always in the same order. First, you will see a Literary Narrative passage (the fiction passage), followed by three non-fiction passages: one on a social science topic, one on a humanities topic, and one on a natural science topic. Each passage is around 700 to 900 words long and has 10 questions following the passage. Here’s what to specifically hone in on as you read each one: Literary Narrative Passages Literary Narrative passages generally include a narration of events and revelation of character. You should be particularly looking for the passage’s mood or tone, the relationship of the characters, and the emotions and perspective implied by what the characters say and how they say it. Fiction passages often ask questions about how an author often uses dialogue to both explain a situation to a reader and reveal character. Social Science Passages Social Science passages present information gathered by research. As you are reading, focus on names, dates, and concepts. You should pay close attention to which name goes with which concept in a discussion and keep track of who said what. You should also particularly watch for cause-effect relationships, comparisons, and sequences of events. Humanities Passages Humanities passages describe or analyze ideas or works of art. Some humanities passages that are from memoirs or personal essays may seem a bit like fiction passages, but they are treated as fact here. You should pay close attention to the author and point of view. Sometimes a question will ask students to predict the author’s likely response to a hypothetical argument or situation. In these passages, the kinds of relationships students are asked to infer or identify are those between events, ideas, people, trends or modes of thought. Natural Science Passages Natural Science passages usually present a science topic and an explanation of the topic’s significance. In a natural sciences passage, the author is typically concerned with the relationships between natural phenomena. As with social science passages, you should pay special attention to cause-effect relationships, comparisons, and sequences of events. You always need to keep track of any specific laws, rules and theoriesso underline them as you go! Approaching All Types of ACT Science Passages Many of the nonfiction passages, especially natural science passages, will include some specialized or technical language. But don’t worry, the passage should provide clues to the word’s meaning (if it doesn’t, you’ll often find a footnote with a definition; the ACT Reading test does not explicitly test difficult vocabulary). As with every subject on the ACT, remember you can do the passages in any order. Some students are not fans of fiction and prefer to leave the literary narrative passage for last. Work with your preferences and strengths and complete the four passages in that order! ACT Reading Question Types Out of all the sections on the ACT, the Reading test is the one students tend to approach with the least rhyme or reason: read the passage, answer the questions, there’s not much more to it than that, right? Wrong. In addition to learning how to read strategically, getting familiar with the question types on the ACT Reading test can help you learn how to approach certain questions, which questions you might want to skip or save for last, or which questions have certain tricks or traps. By understanding how the test works, you’ll be able to get more questions right. Hopefully that’s enough to convince you. Now let’s break it down. There are 8 basic question types on the ACT Reading test: Detail Main Idea Comparative Relationships Cause-Effect Relationships and Sequence of Events Inferences/Generalizations Meaning of Words Author’s Voice Author’s Method/Purpose Here’s what you need to know about each of them: Detail Questions Detail questions ask you to (go figure) find details in the passage. Most of the time, they involve nothing more than simply locating a word or phrase in the text. These are the easiest questions out of the bunch. The trick, though, is that ACT Reading passages are long, and detail questions often don’t give line numbers or paragraph references, so don’t get caught up in a three-minute-long fruitless search of the passage as you attempt to find out whether the girl’s coat is yellow or blue. If you can’t find the answer within 30 seconds or so, take a guess and move on to the other questions. Often, you might find the answer you are seeking as you search the passage for other answers. Example: The passage states that, on average, students in 2015 applied to how many more colleges than students in 2005? Main Idea Questions Main idea questions ask you to determine the primary message of a paragraph, section, or an an entire passage. You will see a main idea question on just about every single ACT Reading passage so you should always be prepared to answer it. After you finish reading the passage, summarize for yourself the main idea of the passage so you have it straight in your mind and won’t be tempted by distracting answer choices that misstate what the passage says or pick up on only one part of the passage. For questions that ask you about a specific paragraph or section, remember that the first and last sentences of paragraphs are often key. Example: The main purpose of the third paragraph is to demonstrate the author’s: Comparative Relationships Comparative relationship questions ask you to evaluate how two or more people, viewpoints, events, theories, or so on compare. They are certainly more high-level than detail questions, but they aren’t too scary. To get these questions right, you just need to understand the gist of two things. Example: According to the author, the significant difference between the director’s opinion and the star actor’s opinion was: Example: According to the passage, high school students today are different from teenagers in the past because: Cause-Effect Relationships and Sequence of Events Cause-effect and sequence of event questions are categorized separately by the ACT, but I am grouping them together because they are fairly similar. Basically, they both require you to understand what happened before something else or what happened to cause something else. These questions are like detail questions in that the answer will be directly stated in the passage. The only thing you need to be careful about is realizing that the order events are discussed in the passage is not necessarily the order in which they happened. Example: The narrator conveys that her dismissal from her first job directly resulted in: Inferences/Generalizations Inference and generalization questions are typically the hardest questions on the ACT because the answer won’t be directly stated in the passage but will require you to take a lot of information and boil it down. The most important thing to remember with these question types is never to infer TOO much. You will only ever have to make a teeny, tiny leap beyond what the passage states. So if you find yourself rationalizing how an answer choice could be true, STOP, you are going too far. Example: It would be reasonable to infer that the boy was not surprised by the arrival of his mother because: Meaning of Words Meaning of words questions are also known as word-in-context questions. Typically, you are not being quizzed on difficult vocabulary here. Most of the time, the passage will pick a word that might have multiple meanings depending on the context and ask you to pick out the right one. There are two main strategies to approach these types of questions. The first is to put a blank where the word is in the passage and then fill it in with your own word. Then go to the answer choices and see which one best matches up with what you chose. The other strategy is to read each of the answer choices back into the passage and see which one makes the most sense in the context of the passage (even if it doesn’t grammatically make sense). Example: As it is used in line 58, combed most nearly means: Author’s Voice Author’s voice questions ask you to draw a conclusion about how an author (or narrator) feels about his or her subject. These can be difficult questions, but you should know that about half of ACT Reading passages are going to ask you a question like this, so you should prepare for them as you are reading. It can be really difficult to go back and determine tone without rereading (which you likely don’t have time for). As you are reading, look for clues that indicate how an author or narrator feels about something: often these are strong choices in adjectives, adverbs, or verbs. Tone or voice questions are often particularly important on the fiction passage. Example: The narrator recalls her childhood in a remote area of Canada with a feeling of: Author’s Method/Purpose Author’s method or author’s purpose questions ask you to draw conclusions about what an author is trying to achieve with a passage or why he or she developed the passage in a certain way. These are not incredibly common questions, but you should be prepared for them. The best way to prepare for these question types is to pay close attention to the structure of the passage as you read and how each paragraph builds on the previous one. Example: In the context of the whole passage, the author most likely chose to include the examples of the extinction of certain bird species in order to: I know that can be a bit overwhelming! By taking regular practice tests and consistently labeling the types of questions you get right and wrong, though, itll become a lot easier to move quickly through these categories on test day. Get a Magic Manta Ray Grandma: How to Read on ACT Reading Wouldnt it be nice if, in everyday life, we had magic manta ray grandmas (or just magic grandmas) who appeared whenever we needed help? To show us the way? Well, Im no magic manta ray, but I can give you a strategy that will help you out in every situation you encounter on ACT Reading. I can tell you how to read. Okay, so you obviously already know how to read. But did you know that ACT Reading isnt reading as you know it? Thats right: on the official exam (and on all the practice tests leading up to itand you should take at least ten!), itll be important t approach the passages in a specific way. Questions First Even though youll probably spend the most time on them, the most important things on the ACT Reading Test aren’t the passages. The most important things are the questions. When you start a new passage, closely read the questions. Why? They contain the key words you will need to discover in the passages. Underline/mark any proper nouns the questions mention. Also, mark any line numbers mentioned in a question. These are your visual cues when skimming the passage, and will save you time. Skim the Passage Should you immediately start searching for the key words when examining a passage? Not necessarily. It’s good to have a general idea of what the passage is about. Take a moment and read the first few sentences. Once you have a grasp on the passage, then start searching for key words. In other words, skim. Know the Question Types (and do them in order of difficulty) Before taking any practice tests, familiarize yourself with the 5 Most Frequently Tested ACT Reading Topics, as well as the question types weve already discussed. Though the question types on the ACT Reading Test should go from easiest to most difficult in each passage, there’s no guarantee that the ACT won’t throw you a curve ball along the way. That’s why it pays to know the question types. Save the Last Question for Last Though a well, duh piece of advice, here’s why it’s important to save the last question of each passage until the end. Generally, the last question will focus on the passage as a whole. Only after answering the other nine questions will you have a good enough grasp of the passage’s content and meaning. Try this question any earlier and you will find yourself struggling and wasting precious seconds (or worse, minutes). Read Actively Think back to the last time you read for fun. Why did you keep reading? You probably wanted to know how the story ended, or how the main character was going to solve the big problem. A combination of anticipation and ignorance kept you hooked until the final pages. The entire time the author was in the driver’s seat, taking you on a journey. During the ACT Reading and Science Tests, however, you’re in the driver’s seat. In other words, read with a goal. The way to do this? Learn how to actively read. How to Actively Read on the ACT The ACT Reading Test (and to an equal extent the Science Test) relies on your ability to actively read. Fortunately for you, active reading on the ACT is a lot easier than it might seem at first glance. Active reading means reading with a goal in mind. Because youll already have looked at the questions, youll have a great sense of exactly what youre looking for. As you read the passage, consistently ask yourself questions: does that answer a question? How does it answer the question? Do I need more information before I mark an answer? Notice that this is really different than how we read for fun. And while its true that active reading will help keep you awake and alert and high-functioning on ACT Reading†¦it still wont make some of these passages more fun. Theyre meant to be a little dry. Sorry. Mastering Active Reading This may seem like a lot of work, especially if you’re never tried active reading. Yet with practice, it will become an unconscious part of your study schedule. And on test day, your efforts will be rewarded by successfully finishing the Reading and Science Tests within the 35-minute allotted time. This is also an important skill to master before college! After all, that’s why active reading is one of the most important ACT Reading strategies. Time is a thief, and once that clock starts, it’s not going to stop until it reaches zero. However, active reading is the best weapon at your disposal, and with it, you’ll never again feel afraid of the clock. Beware Pirates in Disguise: Struggles on the ACT Reading Test We all have our own histories with reading, and well all struggle with different passages in different ways. On the other hand, because ACT Reading is so standardized and predictable, so too are the problems that a lot of students face. Lets look at them and talk about how you can conquer these issues and get the score you want on test day! To start off, Kat has six great strategies you can use to tackle ACT Reading: Pacing on ACT Reading The time crunch here generally isnt as tough as it is on, for example, ACT Math. However, that doesnt mean its leisurely by any stretch of the imagination. Mastering pacing is the first thing you can do to make ACT Reading more manageable. How? Glad you asked! Time yourself as you practice. If you are spending more than 3 minutes reading and marking passages, you are risking not being able to finish all of the questions on test day. As you become more and more confident with your accuracy, try to get as precise as possible with the timing of your note-taking. Do at least ten ACT Reading practice tests. Full-length practice tests are available in ACT practice books at local bookstores, at your local library, and are even downloadable online (and from Magoosh!). Find a quiet place where you can take the practice session and clear off the table or desk. Try and eliminate any distractions and do the best you can to mimic your test-day environment. Keep a clock or timer in front of you so you can periodically check and see how you are doing. You may want to set the timer to go off every 9-10 minutes. Don’t rush, but make sure you can move confidently from one passage to the next and answer ALL questions in the time allotted. After 9 minutes, move on to the next passage. The ACT Reading Test is 35 minutes long and contains 40 questions (10 questions on each passage). This means you’ll have slightly less than 9 minutes to spend on each of the 4 passages, so pacing yourself is essential. Do the passages in any order. You will always see 4 passages and you must always answer all 40 questions, but that doesn’t mean you have to approach them in the order in which they are presented on the test. As you practice, you will start to realize which passages are easier and which are more challenging for you. For example, if Prose Fiction is your strong point but Natural Science passages make you nervous, it may make sense for you to do the Prose Fiction passage first and save the Natural Science passage for last. Fill-in your answer carefully. If you do decide to skip around, make sure you are still bubbling in your answers into the corresponding numbers on the answer grid. You don’t want to lose points because you bubbled incorrectly! How to Deal with Except, Not, or Least Questions on the ACT Where do students lose the most points on the ACT? One question type, more than any other, challenges students. But this isnt one of the question types weve looked at: instead, its one that transcends categorization. Were going to call it the EXCEPT/NOT/LEAST question. You’ve probably noticed that some of the ACT Reading passages contain test questions with words like Except, Not, or Least in them. To start, rephrase the question in simpler terms. Try to figure out what it’s really asking. Once you understand the question, write down your task. For example, if a question asks, Which of the following does NOT match the tone of the passage? your task might be to eliminate choices that fit the tone. This will give you a clear idea of how to approach the answer choices. Although these questions are typically open-ended, go back to the passage and make a prediction whenever possible. Even for a question like, All of the following is true about Hamlet except: you can still refer back to the passage and locate the paragraph that provides details about Hamlet. You’ll need to examine these answer choices more slowly and critically than other Reading questions. Don’t rush through them. Carefully eliminate choices based on information from the passage. Running out of Time on ACT Reading Despite all best efforts, this sometimes happens. If it happens to you, dont panic! Know that there are still ACT Reading strategies you can use to boost your score. If you realize midway through the ACT Reading section that you wont have time to finish all of the questions, zero in on your favorite passages (or the passages that you know youre best at from your ACT Reading prepalthough these tend to be the same thing). If you have Social Science and Hard Science left, but you only have ten minutes remaining, go with whatever you feel most comfortable with. If you only realize that youre running out of time five (or even two!) minutes before the proctor calls time, all is not lost! With only a little bit of time left, focus on filling in an answer for each question, even if you dont have time to read it. If you do have time to read the questions, though, eliminate obviously wrong answer choices and youll up your odds of guessing correctly. At the End of the Day†¦ Dont overthink it. As one of Magooshs ACT students, Ori C., put it, Everything is simpler than it seems! Often, when Im puzzled by a test question, its because Im making it way more complicated than it needs to be. Ask yourself, Does that sound right? Does that seem logical? If it does, its probably the answer. Thanks, Ori! The ACT Reading Quiz Ready to try your hand at some ACT Reading practice questions? Try out Magooshs 5-question ACT Reading quiz! (Keep in mind that this sample ACT Reading passage is only an excerpt of a passage; on test day, the real passages will be much longer!) Passage 1 document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(event) { if(!window.jQuery) alert("The important jQuery library is not properly loaded in your site. Your WordPress theme is probably missing the essential wp_head() call. You can switch to another theme and you will see that the plugin works fine and this notice disappears. If you are still not sure what to do you can contact us for help."); }); 20% Question 1 of 5 1. Which of the following does the author NOT mention as an example of animal intelligence? The construction of shelter against the environment.The storing of food for the winter.The communication of emotions.The mimicking of the environment for protection.Question 1 of 5Question 2 of 5 2. In line 60, â€Å"influence† most nearly means impactpowerauthorityweightQuestion 2 of 5Question 3 of 5 3. The passage implies that technologies related to transportation arose with the invention of ships and lay up a supply of food for later a result of humans mimicking animal order to provide shelter and homes for humans.Question 3 of 5Question 4 of 5 4. The author’s attitude toward animals can best be described as: respectfuldismissiveobjectiveadoringQuestion 4 of 5Question 5 of 5 5. According to the passage, animal communications are superior to human communications.are not always discernible by humans.are simple to understand when studied.are surprising yet comprehensible.Question 5 of 5 Loading... //jQuery(document).ready(function(){ document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(event) { var question_ids = "46,47,48,49,50"; WatuPROSettings[11] = {}; WatuPRO.qArr = question_ids.split(','); WatuPRO.exam_id = 11; WatuPRO.post_id = 11277; WatuPRO.store_progress = 0; WatuPRO.requiredIDs="0".split(","); WatuPRO.hAppID = "0.59039500 1580749782"; var url = ""; WatuPRO.examMode = 0; WatuPRO.siteURL=""; WatuPROIntel.init(11); }); Howd you do? If you aced it, check out even more ACT Reading Practice here! Dont Throw Yourself Against the Rocks: Guide to Improving Your ACT Reading Score 2, 4, or 6 Points If youre struggling to bring up your ACT score, it can feel as frustrating as, yes, trying to get out of that cave. Because were so used to reading in our everyday lives, the idea of raising your ACT Reading score can seem strange. Can you really learn to read better? The answer, for ACT Reading, is a resounding absolutely. Remember, this is a standardized test, meaning that it has to give all students an equal chance to succeed. Knowing this, we can spot patterns in the testand use them to boost your score. Read on to see how to get that score up 2, 4, or even 6 points! Guide to Improving Your Score 2 Points To be perfectly honest, you have probably already picked up 2 points just by reading this far into the post! On ACT Reading, a difference of 2 points is a difference of 2 more questions correctly answered. So first of all, well done. Second of all, if you want to be sure of locking down that score improvement, youre going to need to systematize your approach to ACT Reading. Yup: instead of figuring it out as you go along, youre going to go into the ACT Reading section with a strong plan! Find the author’s point of view as you read. Do you find yourself getting lost in the details or reading too quickly and missing some of the important information? For the ACT Reading Test, you’ve got to strike a balance between reading for the author’s point of view and for the function of each paragraph, and also noting the location of important details in case you need to come back later. Make sure you underline anything that seems significant to you. Look for words and phrases that reveal the author’s opinion or summarize or give the main idea of each paragraph. The test booklet is basically one large piece of scratch paper, so it doesn’t matter is you write all over it. For Vocab-in-Context questions, go back to the passage. A commonly-used word often takes on a secondary definition within ACT passages. Do not assume that the common meaning is the correct answer; there may be several meanings you do not know. Go back to the passage and see how the word is being used in context. Always pre-phrase an answer. Before you look at the answer choices, use the passage to predict your own answer. Then match your prediction to the answer choices. This will save you time. Don’t get stuck weighing answer choices. Match your prediction and move on! Dumb down complicated questions. If you read a question and it is confusing or unclear to you, rephrase it in simpler terms. Think of it like you were going to explain the question to a small child. What is it really asking? Guide to Raising Your ACT Reading Score 4 Points Is your ambition rising? Raising your score 4 points on ACT Reading is definitely possible, but its going to require some work. The first thing to do is to make sure youve read the tips for raising your score 2 points, as well as the info in this post about how to read on the ACT and how to approach each passage and question type. Raising your score 4 points on ACT Reading means answering approximately 4 more questions correctly. Thats only 10% more! So how can you get your score even higher? Master one particular passage type. ACT Reading: Comparison Passages Comparison passages (or dual passages) are relatively new on the ACT Reading test (they only popped up in the last couple of years). But they are now customary, and you can expect to see one as one of the four sections on the ACT Reading test. These passages tend to intimidate students, but they aren’t nearly as scary as you might think they are. Most of the questions you will encounter will only apply to one of the two passages in the set, and you’ll only see 2 to 4 questions that have to do with both. Here’s how to strategically tackle these comparison passages: Know in advance that there are going to be certain obvious ways in which these two passages compare or contrast. This is why they were chosen, after all! So read the first passage as you would any other passagelooking for main idea and key points. Then, when you read the second passage, look specifically for the ways in which it is similar to and different from the first one in how it approaches its topic. Make note of these similarities and differences; I guarantee the questions will ask about them. Read the first passage and then answer the questions on it, then read the second passage and answer the questions on it, and then answer the questions on both. The upside to the dual passage section is that you can break up your reading into smaller chunks. There will be a clearly marked list of questions that pertain only to the first passage, so you will have all the information you need to answer those questions after you have read the first one. So take a reading break at this point and do those first. This also helps you avoid any distractor answer choices that appear in the second passage because you won’t even have read it yet. Follow the same procedure for the second passage and then answer the questions that are about both passages. Know that almost all of the questions on both passages will have to do with big ideas, namely main idea, tone, and purpose. You might see questions that compare details, but most of the questions that are on both passages have to do with big ideas. So you want to be extra sure on these passages that you have the main idea, tone/attitude, and purpose of each passage straight. Jot them down after you finish reading. So, for example, on a natural sciences passage examining the connections between meditation and heart rate, you might jot down something like New studies show meditation increases heart rate (main idea); skeptical (tone); to inform (purpose). Do this for both passages, and it will become MUCH easier to answer those questions on both passages. Promise. If timing is an issue for you, or comparison passages are not your thing, leave this one for last and strategically use the time you have left. If you are prone to running out of time on the ACT Reading test, the dual passage is a great one to leave for last. Check the list of questions before you begin to see which passage has the most questions on it and do that passage first (they might have the same number, in which case read the shorter passage first). Then do the other passage and questions. This will help you make the most of the precious dwindling minutes at the end of the Reading test. Guide to Raising Your ACT Reading Score 6 Points So youve read through the guides to raising your score 2 and 4 points and think you can take it even further? Raising your ACT Reading score 6 points means answering 6 more questions correctly. Can you do it? Yes! But muster your motivation, because itll take some effort. If youre currently scoring below 20 on ACT Reading, make sure that youre doing daily reading practice outside of your schoolwork. An hour a day is a great goal to aim for, though it may be slow going at first. If you can, download apps from popular magazines, or even the Amazon Kindle app, to read magazines and books in your downtime: waiting in lines, between classes, any found time you can identify, use it! If youre already reading outside of school, make sure that youre a) actively reading and b) reading a variety of material, not just fiction or non-fiction. If youre currently scoring in the 20s on ACT Reading, take more ACT Reading practice tests and keep a log of all of your mistakes. Label them according to passage and question type. Youll most likely see a pattern (or several) jump out at you. Really focus on that area, checking out lessons, videos, and blog posts to help you master it. Keep working through those problems in your error log until youve mastered them. The other issue here may be timing, in which case take a look (or another look) at pacing on the ACT above. If youre currently trying to break 30 (or 36), chances are that patterns of error are more difficult to find. You may only be tripped up now by the subtlest questions. What you need to do in this case is to identify exactly what it is in each of these problems thats causing you issues. Is it the phrasing? The vocabulary? Falling for tempting answer choices? You may not be able to find a pattern of error in terms of question or passage types, but you will most likely be able to identifyand correctpatterns of error in the mistakes youre making. Sparkle, Sparkle, Sparkle: How to Get a Perfect 36 on the ACT Reading Test You might not want to draw as much attention to yourself as Moana does with that giant crab, but theres no reason you cant totally shine on test day. If youre aiming for a perfect score, Im impressed by your ambition! The first thing to do is to set a study schedule. Being methodical in your preparation is of the utmost importance, and youll want to make sure youve read about or had a lesson in every single type of question, as well as plenty of practice with that question type. The next thing to do is to make sure your materials are top-notch. There are a lot of sub-par materials out there, and if youre aiming for a perfect score, you need to make sure that what youre practicing with mirrors exactly what youll see on the actual exam. Get specific advice. If the fiction passage is troubling you, heres some advice on how to handle it from Magoosh expert Kristin: And heres Kristin with some more specific, actionable advice: Thats the level of advice you should be getting as you prepare! As you read, stay sharp. If youre going to get a perfect score on ACT Reading, you cant let your attention wander, not even for a minute! This takes some practice, so dont skimp on your practice tests. And remember that its not enough just to do an ACT Reading passage on its own once a week: you need to encounter ACT Reading after youve already spent a lot of time working on ACT English and ACT Math in practice, so that you know how to approach it on test day, when your endurance will definitely be tested! Finally, dont beat yourself up if you get a 35 or 34 (I mean, dont beat yourself up anyway, but especially not for this). At the end of the day, scores in the 30s on ACT Reading are impressive, and its not the end of the world (really!) if you end up missing one question. Get an Indestructible Chicken: Where Can I Find More Examples/Resources You know how that chickens not 100% necessary for the storyline, but its kind of nice to have him along? Thats what this section is: ways to enrich your ACT Reading experience beyond the basics. Hopefully, by now your attitude towards ACT Reading has gone from this to this! Congrats for all the work youve already done by learning about ACT Reading! Now, take it to the next level. You can check out Magooshs list of Free ACT Practice Materials, as well as our very own free ACT eBook. While youre at it, have a look at the official ACT website. You should also check out Magooshs free ACT apps, including our study timer, flashcards, and ACT lessons. Weve also made some of Magooshs lessons available to you for free! Take a look at the following: Approaching Passages Wrong Answers Sample ACT Reading Passage Basic Strategies Using Key Words Line Reference Meaning of Words Main Idea Authors Voice A Final Word Now that youve finished reading about ACT Reading, explore other areas of the ACT! Your Magical Guide to Scoring a Perfect 12 on the ACT Essay How to Get a Perfect 36 on ACT Reading: An Intergalactic Guide How to Get a Perfect 36 on ACT Math: The Jurassic Guide How to Get a Perfect 36 on ACT Science: The Dark Knights Guide Many thanks to Kristin Fracchia, Rita Neumann, and Thomas Broderick for their contributions to this post!

Saturday, May 16, 2020

The First Things Essay - 1497 Words

When most people think about the first things they really enjoyed doing as children, drawing is one of the first things that come to mind. Not only is it one of the first things human beings enjoy doing, but it is also one of the first things they are taught how to do. Schools first educated children in how to draw simply to show the children that it is encouraged to have an imagination and it is acceptable to illustrate their imagination for others to see. Drawing is emboldened by not only teachers and elders, but is also stimulated and inspired by a person’s peers. Peers have a great influence as they push one another to become more superior and efficient than one another. Additionally, it is important to note that engineers often find themselves in situations where peers push them to design and redesign their own inventions. As engineers refine their abilities to draw and to design, they further lengthen the drawing and designing process. Furthermore, as an engineer becomes better at designing and drawing they not only become more detailed, but also draw a design and redraw it in many different ways just to find the most efficient and best design. The best engineers are often the most detailed artists; this can be seen from many famous engineers, such as Leonardo Da Vinci. From the life of Da Vinci and many other famous engineers, it is quite obvious that drawing is a quintessential component to being a good engineer. Every engineer must hone their drawing skillsShow MoreRelatedFirst Things First And Wins Win Essay1881 Words   |  8 PagesPut First Things First and Think Win-Win First Things First is the practicing of priorities in time management in a private victory and Think Win-Win is a public victory balancing courage and empathic in relationships. Put First Things First Covey suggests the Quadrant II Tool is the most effective tool for our lives. This quadrant focuses on living from the center of sound principles, which hinge on the our personal mission. The Christians sound principles are different from the world’s principlesRead MoreJournal Entries for habit1732 Words   |  7 Pagesthe catalyst story of Viltor Frankl. Between Stimulus and Response, man has the ability or freedom to choose. This means one can decide how to reactive to thing or how to handle each situation. What matters most is how we respond to what we experience in life. We need to take initiative and this means recognizing our responsible to make things happen. We need to act or be acted upon. In Covey’s own words, reactive people are also affected by their social environment, by the â€Å"social weather.† WhenRead More The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, by Stephen R. Covey612 Words   |  3 Pagesincluding in my everyday life. They are basic things in everyday life that can make things easier, more efficient, and better for everyone not just myself. They do not necessarily need to be used every second of my day but if I can employ them as often as possible I can improve myself. The first habit I chose which is also the first habit in the book is to be proactive. Being proactive is simply taking the initiative and not waiting for others to act first. It is acting not reacting, which many peopleRead More7 Habits Of Highly Effective People By Stephen R. Covey1419 Words   |  6 Pagesachieve true change through the seven habits. Habit 1: Principles of Personal Vision Throughout this habit we are reminded what it means to be responsible for ourselves. We learn to take initiative, choosing our attitude, and always doing the right thing even when no one is looking. We know as individual that we can easily give up on a situation or relationship if it is too hard or not going the way you want, but Covey reminds us that we choose the script for our lives. Do not give up but use self-awarenessRead More The 7 Habits Of Highly Effective People by Stephen R. Covey Essay703 Words   |  3 Pagesyou will consistently keep your sense of direction on a daily basis to create your own destiny. More often than not, things must be done that have to be done. Possessing the wisdom to decipher, which things must be done and which things can be left undone, requires a strong mental dimension. These tasks may seem tedious or insignificant but must be done. By putting first things first, you are saying no to outside distractions and saying yes to goal-orientated activities. The author’s idea of thinkingRead MoreAn Interesting Article About The Marshmallow Test1062 Words   |  5 PagesLarry D. Rosen’s study that 13 to 18 year olds use an average of four to six types of technology simultaneously while they are not in school. Did you know when people multitask they never actually fully focus on anything? For people to do multiple things at once, it actually takes them longer to complete each task than if they did them one at a time. If someone has to make a decision, there will be a delay in their thinking process. In Sarah D. Sparks’ article, she refers to Steven G. Yantis’s researchRead MoreThe Seven Habits of Highly Effective People by Stephen R. Covey1746 Words   |  7 PagesThe first habit listed by Stephen R. Covey, is to be proactive. He breaks down the word to create a simple reference, â€Å"response-able† means understanding that you are accountable for your life. Your behaviors are determined by you. Viktor Frankl was placed into a Jewish concentration camp during WWII; he endured great misfortune during this period of his life. To cope with the experience he envisioned himself simply watching the catastrophic torture he would endure in an out-of-body type of experienceRead MoreThe Seven Habits Of Highly Effective People By Dr. Covey891 Words   |  4 PagesDr. Stephen Covey outlines seven behaviors of a successful leader. He called it Principle-Centered Leadership (2000, p. 13). The seven habits as described by Dr. Covey are: 1. Be proactive 2. Begin with the end in mind 3. Put first things first 4. Think win/win 5. Seek first to understand†¦ then to be understood 6. Synergize 7. Sharpen the Shaw The attached profile sheet reflects a panoramic view of my alignment to some of those principles. The seven habits are a â€Å"way of thinking, living and doingRead MoreThe 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, authored by Steven Covey Book report in APA format1160 Words   |  5 Pagesstages of dependence to independence to interdependence to become an effective person. The Habits Covey explains that the following seven habits are exhibited by effective people. Be proactive Begin with the end in mind Put first things first Think win/win Seek first to understand, then to be understood Synergize Sharpen the saw Practicing these seven habits will move the reader through three stages of personal growth: dependence, independence, and interdependence. We are all born intoRead MoreWhole Life1743 Words   |  7 Pagesoverwhelming for me at first. Reading The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People By Stephen R. Covey, really helped me to better understand what a whole life concept was and how to apply it to daily life. In Habit 1 Be Proactive I was introduced to the concentric circles model as seen Fig.1. Starting out with the circle of concern which includes worries fears such as national debt, nuclear war, health, personal relationships and problems at work. Outside of my circle of concern are the things that I do not

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Inequality - 2240 Words

People are unequal and we should not treat them equally. What is equality? Equality is a state in which every living person is given the same number of opportunity to vent out their ability to its fullest, regardless of gender, race, wealth, religion, and so on. However, in the world of capitalism and libertarianism, people cannot be equal. Each person is born with different amounts of wealth and contrary aspects both physically and mentally, no matter how much people fight for equal human rights. There is an increase in reported racial discrimination cases, and still women in South Korea are less employed than men. Capitalism was adopted by the government as a means to motivate people into working harder. Nevertheless, both†¦show more content†¦Punitive punishments for people who abused Black people have long been the norm. Industrial tribunals throughout the country are still hearing racial discrimination cases on a daily basis. Race discrimination cases have risen from 4,100 in 2007/8 to 5,000 in 2008/9 and 5,700 in 2009/10 Employment Tribunal and EAT statistics (2009-10) (GB) This trend can clearly be seen as a rise in cases being brought before the tribunals. In another interview with a service user from the Power House Foyer in Toxteth Liverpool. Nmono an asylum seeker from Uganda explained how she felt when trying to access medical services in this country. Nmono stated she had difficulty in trying to make her needs understood because of the language barriers. As already stated before equality is an everyday part of our existence in society today and a great deal of attention is paid to this part of our lives. Equality in the domestic home is rarely looked at or does it receive any attention in law or government policies. If we look at the Victorian model of a home we can see that the husband was expected to work, and the wife was expected to stay home. The female of the house was also expected to cook, clean and care for the husband and children. Very much as it remains to date. Inequality in the home has many downsides to it. The marriage will not be an equal partnership. The female could feel undervalued, andShow MoreRelatedInequality : Inequality And Inequality1903 Words   |  8 PagesInequality In regards to inequality, Bhagwati argues that the inequality, which has further been perpetuated by economic globalization, is not a negative occurrence. . Critics of globalization usually point to inequality as a reason to present objections to globalization, however, Bhagwati argues that inequality is not bad at all. Even though economic globalization via trade and corporations will generally benefit the country and lead to an increased GDP , some individuals will attain significantlyRead MoreSocial Inequality : Inequality And Inequality3119 Words   |  13 Pages Core Assessment Paper Carrie Bailey Park University Social Inequality in My Life Social inequality is described by the presence of unequal opportunities and rewards for various social positions or statuses inside a society or group. It contains organized and repetitive examples of unequal distributions of goods, riches, opportunities, prizes, and disciplines. Racism, for instance, is comprehended to be a wonder whereby access to rights and resources is unreasonably disseminatedRead MoreSocial Inequality And Gender Inequality Essay2163 Words   |  9 Pagesn AmericaSocial inequality is defined as the set of unequal for different social classes or statuses for various individuals within a group or society. It usually refers to people of distinct genders, ages and ethnicities. Many American’s have experienced some type of social inequality throughout their lifetime. America’s gaping inequality is seen everywhere from education to the workforce. Society tends to oversee inequality based on race, gender, and other social characteristics believe that racialRead MoreSocial Inequality And Gender Inequality Essay2091 Words   |  9 PagesSocial inequality is defined as the set of unequal opportunities for different social classes or statuses for various individuals within a group or society. It usually refers to people of distinct genders, ages, and ethnicities. Many American’s have experienced some type of social inequality throughout their lifetime. America’s gaping inequality is seen everywhere from education to the workforce. Society tends to oversee inequality based on race, gender, and other social characteristics . AmericansRead MoreEconomic Inequality, Inequality And Inequality952 Words   |  4 Pagesthe OECD, the term inequality in the opposite of equity can be defined as evenness or fairness within the social, political, and economic perspectives. Equity forms the core value of both the western democratic tradition and religions. From the concept of equality, inequality can be described as unfair or uneven treatments of the people within the society or unequal distribution of resources, income, and other factors between different sectors in the society. Inequality can be defined asRead MoreInequality : Inequality And Poverty1729 Words   |  7 Pages Inequality and poverty exist in our society because wealth and opportunity are inherited. If we all entered the world with an equal amount of resources, some would still rise above others but everyone would get the same chance to succeed in life. Since greed is one of the norms of our society, and wealth is passed from generation to generation, there will always be inequality and poverty. The system of wealth and inequality is actually pretty simple. It all boils down to a few things what youRead MoreEssay On Gender Inequality1091 Words   |  5 Pagesbeen many inequalities that the world has been faced with; whether it is race, gender, or ethnic background. I am writing you, the representatives for Equal Rights to discuss an urgent concern of American women in the workplace. Although gender inequality is decreasing, it still exists and makes a lot of people suffer its consequences every day. Gender inequality is unfair rights between male and female based on different gender role s which leads to unequal treatment. Gender inequality has been widelyRead MoreEssay On Gender Inequality1127 Words   |  5 Pagesstill being treated worse than the white males of society. Even today, when white males are typically the leaders of society, it’s not always race and gender that creates inequality; sometimes it’s money that creates the issue. Not just from past evidence, but from present evidence as well, America shows signs of inequality by the way people are taught different at different schools and also by the often occurring shootings, riots, and police brutality incidents happening on a national scale. Read MoreInequality in the Classroom Essay759 Words   |  4 PagesThe issue of inequality seems to be evident in our classrooms nowadays. It is said that although everyone, regardless of race or religion, have been given equal oppurtunities, the outcome is still imbalanced. Researchers say that this could be due to either biological destiny (/innat e intelligence superiority) or cultural depravation (/cultural superiority). This essay will reflect my views on innate intelligence and cultural superiority in explaining group differences as well as other explanationRead MoreEssay On Gender Inequality1137 Words   |  5 Pageslike to say that everyone is completely equal but sadly that is not true. In the past several years you have probably heard a lot about gender inequality. In 2014 statistics have shown that women make around 79 cents to a man’s dollar. Through a rhetorical analysis of Audi’s 2017 Super Bowl commercial ‘Daughter’ they inform their buyers of the gender inequality around the world and to inform them that they are a fair and equal company when it comes to its employees. Not only that but to show support

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Employment and Open Method of Co Ordination - MyAssignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about the Employment and Open Method of Co Ordination. Answer: Introduction Treaty of Amsterdam of the year 1997 helped in introducing the concept of European Employment Strategy. European Council asked member states to chalk out multiannual programme in relation to employment. They were asked to provide with report pertaining to implementation. Open method of Co-ordination (OMC) refers to a policy making process of the European Union that was initiated by Lisbon European Council in the year 2000 (Borrs and Radaelli 2015). It does not give birth to that of the EU legislation and it is a method pertaining to soft governance. It helps in achieving convergence in relation to the European goals pertaining to policy areas that fall under competence of the Member States. The labour market strategy of that of the European Union helped in the process of dealing with discrimination based on different grounds like religion, sexual orientation and disability. This essay analyzes aspects of open method of co-ordination pertaining to the European Union. This essay also t alks about the measures that can be made use of by the European Union in tackling unemployment. Neo-liberalism is indicative of the economic policies that have spread in the last twenty-five years. On account of neo-liberalism, the rich countries have a tendency of becoming richer and the poor countries tend to become poorer. The working people conceive of neo-liberalism to be progressive as compared to that of the rightwing people. Adam Smith in The Wealth of Nations wanted the abolition of that of government intervention in matters related to economic policy. The conditions prevailing in that of the European Union Labour Market improved in the year 2016 and in the first half of the year 2017 (Mattocks 2018). It has been found that the number of people who are in the employment amounts to around 235.4 million in the second quarter of the year 2017. The Europe 2020 strategy has emphasized that the employment target of that of 75 % would the within the reach. With the rise of the education, it has been found that employment has increased among that of the workers who are highly educated. It has been found that the medium along with that of the low-skilled workers recorded lower level of that of employment by around 0.4 percent and that of 0.9 percent respectively (Zeitlin and Vanhercke 2018). The recovery has helped in boosting both permanent along with that of temporary jobs and there are many employees who are working full schedule. Open Method of Co-ordination refers to intergovernmental means in relation to governance within European Union that is based on voluntary co-operation of the different member states. It is dependent on that of soft law mechanism like guidelines along with indicators. The other kind of mechanisms that are at work includes that of benchmarking along with sharing of the best practices. This shows that there exists no official sanctions for those who are laggard. The effectiveness of the method rests on peer pressure along with the process of naming and shaming. None of the member states wants to see themselves as the worst pertaining to a given policy area that makes them abide by the open method of co-ordination. OMC is a new instrument pertaining to governance within the European Union. The term was coined in the year 2000 but the method goes back to the 1992 Maastricht Treaty. The introduction of OMC helped in promoting social policies that are effective. This kind of governance was thought to be intrusive by that of the member states. The evolving priorities of European Union over the course of the years led to the evolution of that of the European Union (Bickerton, Hodson and Puetter 2015). In between the years 1975 and that of 1994, European Economic Community carried out different pilot projects that can help in combating exclusion. Community action pertaining to this area was being carried out owing to the lack of any kind of legal basis. Treaty of Amsterdam in the year 1999 highlighted the removal of that of social exclusion. Social Protection Committee was set up in the year 2000 in order to facilitate co-operation among that of the member states and the Commission (Benz, Corcaci and Wolfgang Doser 2016). The entire process was stream-lined and it was turned into that of single social OMC in the year 2005. Single social OMC was aimed at eradication of poverty and guaranteeing of sustainable pension system. It also provided high quality health care and that of long term care. OMC should adopt methodology of that of Lisbon Strategy in relation to adoption of joint political objectives (Paetzold and Van Vliet 2014). Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union ( TEFU) stands to be one of the two primary treaties of that of the European Union. It formed the basis of that of the law of the European Union and it set the scope of the European Union so that it could legislate. According to the Article 153 TFEU social inclusion can be achieved based on that of non-legal co-operation (Cheneval, Lavenex and Schimmelfennig 2015). Commission updated that of the Council Recommendation 92/441/EEC which laid out that the member states can carry out an implementation of a strategy that results in i nclusion of people who are not considered within the labour market. It wanted to lift more than that of 20 million people out of the state of poverty. In the year 2010, Commission launched the platform against that of poverty and there were certain key initiatives like assessment of the active inclusion strategy. After the year 2011, Annual Convention was responsible for bringing together stakeholders and the policy makers (Nicoladis 2015). The Commission also adopted two initiatives in the year 2013. Two further initiatives were also launched by the Commission in the year 2013. In the Social Investment Package of February 2013, Commission asked the member states to lay emphasis on the aspect of social investment in the people in order to invest in children so that they would be able to break away from that of the cycle of disadvantage. In the year 2013, commission presented proposal that can strengthen social dimension by responding to the calls of that of European Council. Social scoreboard acts as an analytical tool that can detect the development across that of European Union. Five key indicator in relation to this were unemployment, youth unemployment, number of the youth not associated with education, training, disposable income, risk pertaining to poverty rate and that of income inequalities (Ure 2015). Labour Market Strategy The year 1997 can be conceived of to be a great turning point and a new Article 13 was brought into that of the Treaty Establishing the European Community. It empowered the Council to take action so that it can deal with that of discrimination on different grounds like that of ethnic origin, religion, disability and that of sexual orientation (Mattocks 2018). In the year 2003 the article was changed by that of the Treaty of Nice that allowed the adoption in relation to various measures that were incentive. The directories that were adopted were that of Racial Equality Directive, Employment Equality Directive and that of Equal Treatment Directive (Maricut and Puetter 2018). It helped in the process of merging of that of previous directives that was dedicated to that of equal opportunities in relation to men and that of women. Comparative analysis pertaining to non-discrimination law in that of Europe highlights that directives have been able to enhance that of legal protection against the factor of discrimination within Europe (Taylor 2017). The labour market strategy of the European Union worked in the field of long-term unemployment and it helped in preventing labour market segmentation that helped in making employment secure. It focussed on increasing the participation of women in that of the work force and the elimination of the gender pay gap that remains high within that of Europe. The two commission proposals that helped in establishing in enhancing the element of equality are waiting for consensus in that of the Council. The directives were related to gender balance in that of company board and implementation of principle of equal treatment in between the people who are outside that of the employment field (Borrs and Radaelli 2015). In the April of the year 2017, Commission presented a proposal that talked about work-life balance for that of the parents. It acted as a deliverable of that of the European Pillar of that of the Social Rights. It revolves around sharing the caring responsibilities between that of men and the women (Benz, Corcaci and Wolfgang Doser 2016). In the December of the year 2002, Parliament along with the Council adopted the decision 50/2002/EC. It was instrumental in establishment of a community action that encouraged co-operation among the member states. It helped in combating the issue of social exclusion. Another programme that helped in combating discrimination was based on Article 13 (2). It helped in covering all the grounds as set in that of Article 13 and it excluded the conception of sex (Mattocks 2018). It was dealt in a different manner by gender equality programme of that of European Community. Women face economic disincentives in relation to that of labour force participation. The benefit system affects the decision of participation in labour market along with that of the hours of working. The disincentives pertaining to work can be high for that of the second earners. Compensated family-related leave can help in boosting the participation of female in that of the labour force (Ure 2015). Balanced use pertaining to leave entitlements (of men and women) have positive effect on that of the care responsibilities. Access to that of quality services like childcare along with housing can help in the process of social inclusion. Access to the element of affordable child care can provide the children with the best chances in their life. High quality health care is of great significance in living a healthy life and for the contribution in the society (Mattocks 2018). Inequality in aspect to health care can lead to illness and inability of working. Job creation schemes that target the medium along with long term unemployed can help in aspects of perverse employment effect on that of short-term unemployed. These schemes can prove to be more stable and can help in te aspect of cost-effectiveness. Training has immense amount of positive long term effect. Vocational training can prove to be suitable for different kinds of reasons and it can help in the better matching of that of skills. Certified vocational training can assist an individual in the effective transition from that of education to work (Maricut and Puetter 2018). The reformation in relation to employment protection legislation is very intense in those countries that have accumulated imbalance. These includes countries like that of Spain, France, Portugal and Slovenia. Single status law helped in harmonising the notice period between that of blue along with that of white collar worker. Italy enacted a labour market reform that was in form of Jobs Act ( 2014) .The revision of labour cost in Lithuania helped in the reduction of cost of that of individual dismissals. Netherlands also brought in a cap in relation to unfair dismissal that helped in providing clarity in relation to dismissal (Nicoladis 2015). Community funding programmes in the year 2007 in the arena of that of employment along with social affairs underwent integration to form a single framework. For rationalising aspect of administration, Employment and Social Innovation programme helped in incorporating Progress Programme. The Council was responsible for adopting Regulation ( EU) Number 223/ 2014 for those people who were the most deprived. This fund helped in providing material assistance along with that of social inclusion measures to the people who were the most deprived. Budget of the period 2014-2020 amounted to that of EUR 3.8 billion in that of the real terms (Zeitlin and Vanhercke 2018). An additional 15 % was also levied in relation to national co-financing based on that of the national programmes. The main fund was provided by European Social Fund that helped in co-financing actions. It helped in combating the element of discrimination and helped the disadvantaged people for accessing the labour market. European Disability Strategy was adopted by the Commission on the basis of the Action Plan of 2004-2010. New programme pertaining to gender equality was launched within the year 2016-2019 (Bickerton, Hodson and Puetter 2015). The resolutions of recent times embodied the concern of The Parliament that the European Union was a long distance away from achieving the social targets. The Parliament has asked for a fiscal consolidation that can allow the member states in tackling the issue of unemployment (Nicoladis 2015). Social scoreboard now comprises of additional indicator like that of child poverty level along with that of homelessness. The parliament has stated that the employment along with the social considerations can be put on the same level with that of macroeconomic consideration within that of the European Semester (Nicoladis 2015). The active labour market can only be successful if certain measures are implemented. Counselling along with job-search assistance can be used in case of short-term employment. Vocational training, motivation courses along with that of social support can help in the process of addressing needs of job seeker ( 2014) .Subsidies can be provided to the group that is disadvantaged and hey can have a positive influence on the attitudes of the employers towards that of long-term unemployed (Benz, Corcaci and Wolfgang Doser 2016). It can provide an opportunity for the employers to test the employees that are prospective at a cost that is lower than that of full wage. Conclusion: Treaty of Amsterdam brought in the concept pertaining to European Employment Strategy. The member states of the European Council were asked to plan a multi-annual programme related to employment. The time interval between the years 1975 and 1994 witnessed the European Community implementing pilot projects that helped in facing the issue of exclusion. Single social OMC primarily aimed at the removal of poverty and it guaranteed a pension system that was sustainable. High quality pertaining to health care was also facilitated with the help of this method of co-ordination. Strategy of Europe 2020 focussed on aspect pertaining to sustainable growth. Recommendation suggested by the Council helped in integrating those people who were left without a job for a long time. European Solidarity Corps was aimed at the creation of new avenues that can offer help to the young people. Leaves that are compensated can help the female population in participating within the labour force. 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